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Horse Bill of Sale

This Agreement is entered by and between Jonas Adam, individually or collectively as the "Signee" and Jane Smith, as the "Signer", together referred to as the "Parties".
The Contract is dated [the date both parties sign].

1. Agreement terms

The Parties agree that the following agreement is dependent on the terms presented as follow:

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Horse Bill of Sale

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Buying a horse can be an exciting yet risky transaction. If it is your first time, it can be easy to get overwhelmed by the process (or even the horse itself!).  Before you begin, you should make sure you do your research and know exactly what you are looking for. Do you want an older horse? Will you be using this for competition? You should consider a trial run if possible, and at least take the horse for a test drive before purchase.

The purchase price itself may be high, but you have to also consider the ongoing housing and maintenance costs, which can be significant as well. You will need to secure space in a stable, trainers, proper equipment, veterinary care, and so on. This is a process that should be done with serious consideration.

Much like you would make sure to have proper documentation when purchasing a house or car, you should have all the necessary documents in place for a horse sale as well. Proper documentation can protect you, the seller, and the horse itself once the transaction is complete. The best way to do this is through the completion of a Horse Bill of Sale.

What is a Horse Bill of Sale?

A bill of sale is used to document the transfer of ownership for a wide variety of items, including boats, firearms, and cars. Similarly, a Horse Bill of Sale serves the same purpose when buying or selling a horse.

A Horse Bill of Sale is a legal document that outlines the sale of a horse from one party to another (identified as the Seller and the Purchaser, respectively). As an official form, it prevents either party from changing their mind or disputing any verbal terms that may have been put forth.

It's best to always use a horse bill of sale to protect yourself when buying a horse (Source).

Who uses a Horse Bill of Sale?

Some of the different parties that may make use of a Horse Bill of Sale include:

  • Individual sellers and purchasers (including friends, families, or acquaintances)
  • Groups or organizations (such as auctions and horse dealers)

Whether you are professionally involved in the buying and selling of horses and ponies, or you are simply interested in personal investment, a Horse Bill of Sale is a necessary document. You should use one if this is your first time buying or selling or horse, and you should use one if this is something you do on a regular basis. Horse Bills of Sale may never need to be referenced, but if they are, they will prove instrumental. These documents are always used by courts when disputes arise between parties and should be completed with care.

When do I need a Horse Bill of Sale?

You need a Horse Bill of Sale any time you are buying or selling a horse or pony. It is always recommended to have a purchase agreement legally documented for the sale of any personal property. In the case of a Horse Bill of Sale, a complete document should include details about the different options for things such as price, physical transfer, new ownership details, and registration papers.

This document can also come in handy if you are preparing or considering selling a horse and want to check the requirements. You should even utilize a Horse Bill of Sale if you are planning to give or receive a horse as a gift, as it will still help to officially transfer ownership as intended. It can also serve as proof of transaction for any tax implications that may arise.

A good Horse Bill of Sale should serve to protect your investment and ensure that all agreed-upon terms are upheld. Horses can become far more than just “personal property” and should be protected as such. For example, if you purchase a horse that turns out to have undisclosed medical conditions, making it incapable of performing it’s intended role, a Horse Bill of Sale can be used as the basis for a lawsuit. Without proper documentation, you may never be able to prove the conditions under which you agreed to purchase the animal and may lose a considerable amount of time and money.


What if I don’t have a Horse Bill of Sale?

It is strongly recommended to use a Horse Bill of Sale any time you are buying or selling a horse or pony. There are even some states where it is legally required for any such transactions. However, many people still abide by the traditional, yet outdated, model of verbal contracts.

Even if buyers and sellers do make an attempt to document the sale, there are many ways it could go wrong. While there are great resources available online for bill of sale documents, they may not always fit the specifics of your transaction. Similarly, these documents may not meet the specific requirements of your state.

Access to an experienced legal professional, such as a lawyer, will go a long way toward guaranteeing that you have the proper documentation in place to safeguard your transaction.

Professional horse buyers and sellers will strongly prefer or even require the use of a horse bill of sale (Source).

How do I complete a Horse Bill of Sale?

As mentioned, each Horse Bill of Sale needs to contain a few different elements depending on the specifics of your sale. Generally speaking, the document may provide the following information:

  • Identification of the Seller and Purchaser
  • An indication that the Seller is the legal owner of the horse
  • Identification of any agents acting on behalf of either party
  • The intention of the Seller to transfer ownership to the Purchaser
  • Specific detailing of the horse itself
  • Conditions under which the Purchaser agrees to the sale
  • Pricing and Dates
  • Results of an examination by a licensed veterinarian
  • Transfer of official registration papers for the horse
  • Conditions for a refund of deposits
  • Inclusion of any breeding rights for the horse

It is common practice for a horse sale to be conducted through the use of agents and/or trainers. In those situations, a clear identification of the actual Seller and Purchaser is critical, so that there is no confusion as to who actually owns the property.

Similarly, the bill of sale needs to outline in as much detail as possible the identification of the horse being sold. There may be multiple horses sold at one time, and it is easy to confuse terms in those cases. The bill of sale should include the horse’s name, age, color, breed, sex, and pedigree at a minimum.

When including the price in the sale document, be sure to include instructions for how payment will be transferred from Purchaser to Seller. Also include details for any commissions that are being paid to third-party agents.

The bill of sale needs to also include representations made by either the Seller or the Purchaser. These may include statements affirming the horse’s health and wellness, the legality of the purchase, etc. Also include a description of any warranties or “as-is” agreements should a problem present itself after the sale has concluded.

Finally, make sure to obtain signatures from both the Purchaser and the Seller.

At this point, you may be ready to conclude your transaction. Again, it is strongly recommended to have a legal professional consult on your sale or purchase. Horses are valuable and expensive investments, and you can never be too careful when protecting your assets.

Other names for a Horse Bill of Sale

You may see this contract identified by a different name depending on where you live or receive legal services. Some of the different names for a Horse Bill of Sale include: 

  • Equine Contract of Sale
  • Equine Purchase Agreement
  • Equine Sales Agreement
  • Horse Bill of Sale Agreement
  • Bill of Sale for Horse
  • Horse Purchase Contract